Symptoms individuals commonly report are pain during and/or after activity, pain after prolonged sitting, crepitus (grinding), stiffness, and a sensation of giving way while ascending/descending or walking on an incline. The pain is usually described as a dull or achy sensation and arises from behind the knee cap. Purchase orthopedic arch-supporting shoe inserts from the drugstore, looking specifically for those labeled "Arch Support," suggests ePodiatry.com. These inserts slip into your existing shoes, but have a small raised area where your arch will make contact with the pad. This gives your foot added support, especially if you'll be on your feet for awhile. Step 2 The most common conservative approach in treating hallus valgus may include proper footwear that able to reduce the pressure on the MTP joint ( metatarsophalangeal joint ) such as wide shoes or low heeled shoes (Shoe’s modification). Introduction of foot insert (orthoses) which may alter the abnormal rotation of the foot. Night splinting is introduced with hope to balance the supporting ligaments. Intrinsic foot muscle strength will improve with stretching exercise. Inflammation can be reduced with ice and to decrease the MTP joint (metatarsophalangeal joint) friction bunion pad is used. Dec 26, 2010 By Ivy Morris Photo Caption Athletic shoe stores sell shoes for flat feet. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images If you think you have fallen arches or flat feet, a check up with a doctor or podiatrist is the best bet, although it is easy to check at home. Just get the feet wet and stand on a surface that will show your foot prints. If there is no narrowing between the forefoot and the heel, you are likely to have flat feet or fallen arches. find out more information by about pes planus and how to fix your fallen arches If you want to get your feet feeling normal again click here This finding represents your hip range of motion in flexion, extension, internal and external rotation, and all combined movements of the aforementioned ranges. As a car needs lubricant to function properly you need hip mobility to keep your hips, low back and knees functioning properly. Tightness in the hips lead to stress and strain into joints that can create many musculoskeletal conditions that overtime can easily lead to arthritis in the previously mentioned sites. Sitting and our normal activities of daily living reduce our hip mobility. Therefore to be able to achieve your full athletic potential combined with staying injury proof requires you to constantly maintain proper hip mobility. Figure 5. This patient underwent a flatfoot reconstruction for flexible flatfoot. The surgical procedure performed is a midfoot fusion involving the first three tarsometatarsal joints, a medializing calcaneal osteotomy, and a gastrocnemius intramuscular aponeurotic recession. The preoperative and postoperative radiographs demonstrate improvement of the alignment of the rearfoot (blue line) and forefoot (yellow line). As people approach their forties or fifties the poor foot function gives way to over-pronation resulting in excessive wear and tear of the feet, ankle and knee joints as well as the lower back. Mostly people accept these changes as normal signs of ageing, not realizing that the signs could be due to the fallen arches! The problems podiatrists deal with include things like those resulting from bone and joint disorders for example arthritis and soft-tissue and muscular pathologies along with neurological and circulatory illnesses. Podiatrists can also diagnose and treat any kind of complications of the above that impact the lower limb, such as skin and nail disorders, corns, calluses and ingrown toenails. Foot injuries and infections gained as a result of sport or other activities are also diagnosed and treated by podiatrists. Private health insurance funds include podiatry services under their ancillary tables. Government-funded services may be found in some public hospitals, community health centres along with other publicly funded utilities. There are several conditions of the foot that make walking and standing for a long time painful. Pes planus is when the feet are flat due to running, walking and standing. The plantar aspect of the foot becomes flat and the arches are overstretched. Moving becomes painful and the orthotic offers relief by creating an artificial arch. Calceneal spurs are spiky growths which develop on the heel. They are usually felt as sharp pains in the heel area. This pain can be contained by putting on a device which has a heel which is cushioned. The foot device will work by reducing the elevation. Hubby is not really bothered about having a flat foot condition except for the pain associated with it. He says that Ichiro Suzuki, the famous Japanese outfielder for the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team, also has the flat foot condition, though he is not sure about it. Being flat-footed does not decrease foot speed. Infact, my hubby excels in outdoor sports activities like baseball, golf, and futsal. The arch is supported by many structures, some you can’t really change (bone stucture) but some you can alter (muscles and connective tissue/fascia) through certain techniques. Muscles can be strengthened/stretched and connective tissue can be manipulated with myofascial release to reduce tension.